Tropes and clichés used incorrectly are a fabulous way to prove you’re an amateur writer, if that’s what you’re into. Let’s talk about when and when not to use them.


A literary trope is typically an overused situation or plot. Writing with tropes can be tricky because there’s no point in writing something someone else has already written, BUT tropes can also be fun to use and add layers to your story.

It’s good to know the difference between “good” and “bad” tropes. Now, of course, this is pretty subjective.

Some good questions to ask yourself to determine if tropes are constructive:

  1. Does the trope add to your story in a positive way?
  2. Is the trope entirely overdone to the point of being annoying?
  3. Is the trope demoralizing or further crippling for an already marginalized group of people?

Some tropes are super fun to play around with. A few examples of ones I personally enjoy:

  1. The protagonist is captured and ordered to remove their weapons, then they spend 45 seconds dropping weapons hidden all over their body.
  2. Fake-dating-then-fall-in-love situation.
  3. Someone fake smiling at another character, then their face drops into a glare as soon as that character turns away.

Some tropes I hate:

  1. A female character excelling in a traditionally male pursuit. A male character is like, “Damn, girl, how you can do that?” and she’s like, “lol I have three brothers.”
  2. Bury your gays.
  3. Cold career woman’s character development is “learning to feel” and suddenly becoming hyper-maternal. (Jurassic World)
  4. A perfect hero character who doesn’t develop and doesn’t have flaws. (Jurassic World)

Tropes can be fun or exhausting. Just be aware if you’re using one and try to use it to your advantage.


A cliché is a term or phrase that is overused or stereotypical.


  • gilded cage
  • head over heels
  • only time will tell
  • the calm before the storm
  • chip on your shoulder
  • kiss and makeup
  • speed of light
  • fit as a fiddle
  • without a care in the world
  • gut-wrenching
  • star-crossed

Clichés are tempting to use because they’ve been used so much that they’ve gathered extra meaning. And most people will know what the phrase means and connotes.

However, it comes back to not wanting to write something that’s already been written.

So how do you use clichés effectively?

Repurposing clichés allows you to use the connotations and history of the term or phrase while also being original.

An example of a repurposed cliché is in Taylor Swift’s End Game, where she uses the cliché “bury the hatchet,” but she mixes it up to be, “I bury hatchets, but I keep maps of where I put ’em.”

We know “bury the hatchet” means to forgive someone or let go of a grudge. Her version means she lets go of grudges, but she can pick them right back up if she needs to. This is a repurpose for originality, but still makes use of the connotations.

The takeaway–

Use tropes and clichés, if that’s your style! But know when you’re doing it, how you’re doing it, and do it intentionally.

Here’s the video version of this lesson!

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5 thoughts to “How to Use Tropes & Cliches


    1. A female character excelling in a traditionally male pursuit. A male character is like, “Damn, girl, how you can do that?” and she’s like, “lol I have three brothers.” Haha my god I hate that one! Because I mean.. come on if you are trying to make a strong tough independent woman why the hell would you explain her toughness by : she was brought up with boys. That trope is absurd and it completely ruins the point it’s trying to make. THANK YOU for bringing it up!

    • Hannah Lee

      It’s so counter-intuitive! I hate how often female characters are made “strong and empowered” by either associating them with male characters or making them masculine. Like, masculine women are awesome, but not every independent female character has to be masculine to justify their taking up for themselves or being effective.


        Or even when a story is written that is meant to be only on women and there problems but then the women in the story the women spend their time talking about guys. It’s just destroying the purpose of the whole thing.


        A feminine woman can be awesome as well! She can be an acute spy. Or an enchantress.. or just a smart character that relies on her wits to solve problems. Thank you for the advice by the way. It’s great! I followed you.

  • sirgliofrei

    Super-Duper blog! I am loving it!! Will come back again. I am taking your feeds also.


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